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Sudan and Egypt clash over Ethiopia's Nile dam

A rare disagreement has occurred between Sudan and Egypt over the possible impact of an Ethiopia dam on the downstream Nile basin countries.

The controversial Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) could see the course of the Blue Nile tampered with and Egypt has warned it would spare no effort to guarantee its share of the water.

But Sudan is warning of a possible water war between the Nile Basin countries because of Egypt’s ‘provocative' stance. Sudanese government spokesman Ahmed Bilal has asked Egypt to stop what he called provocations after an Egyptian opposition leader described Khartoum's stand on in the issue as disgusting. An Egyptian opposition leader, Mr Ayman Nour, publicly described the Sudanese stand on the Nile as disgusting.

Meanwhile, the US has asked the three countries to resolve the problem amicably through dialogue.

Mr Bilal demanded, at a press conference in Khartoum on Wednesday, that Cairo works with Sudan to safeguard Egypt’s interests instead of resorting to provocations. He added that Sudan would get many benefits from the dam, including better supply of electricity and year-long regulation of the Blue Nile’s flow.

Egypt has warned that all options were open to protect its share of the Nile waters. "We cannot let even one drop of Nile water be affected," President Mohammed Morsy said during talks with political and religious leaders broadcast live on state television on Tuesday.

President Morsy also wrote on his official Twitter account: "It is necessary that we take steps to ensure Egyptian water security." "The current situation necessitates unity among our ranks to prevent any threat against Egypt," added President Morsy.


The border

Egyptian Cabinet also met and issued a statement saying it opposed all projects that could affect the flow of the Nile. Egypt said it had planned "several scenarios" depending on the outcome of an assessment to be conducted by the three governments. In Khartoum, the Foreign ministry said Sudan would not be affected by the project, stressing in a statement that there were agreements and consultations between Sudan, Egypt and Ethiopia.

"Sudan respects the agreements to cooperate with those two countries (Egypt and Ethiopia) in matters that concern sharing the waters of the Nile and sharing mutual revenues," the ministry said.

Egypt believes its "historic rights" to the Nile are guaranteed by two treaties of 1929 and 1959, which give it 87 per cent of the Nile's flow as well as veto power over upstream projects.

But a new deal signed in 2010 by upstream Nile Basin countries, including Ethiopia, allows them to work on river projects without Cairo's prior agreement.The agreement signed in Uganda has endorsed new water sharing between the Nile basin’s 11 countries.

Ethiopia has begun diverting the Blue Nile 500 metres from its natural course to construct a $4.2 billion (3.2 billion euro) the GERD hydroelectric project.The first phase is expected to be complete in three years, with a capacity of 700 megawatts.

Once complete, the dam will have a capacity of 6,000 megawatts.The project, in Ethiopia's northwestern Benishangul-Gumuz region near the border with Sudan, was launched in April 2011 by Prime Minister Meles Zenawi.

The Blue Nile joins the White Nile in Khartoum to form the mighty Nile River, which flows through Sudan and Egypt before emptying into the Mediterranean.

Source: africareview.com

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  • ETHIOPIA! Added PLEASE EGYPT AND ETHOPIA.. LOVE EACH OTHER.. NILE REIVER IS ENOUGH NOT JUST FOR EGYPT, SUDAN AND ETHIOPIA.. FOR THE WHOLE WORLD.. DAM WILL HELP TO STOP Deadly floods IN AFRICAN REGION.. PLEASE LOVE EACH OTHER!!! DO NOT CALL OUT SIDE WESTERN ENEMY, CUS OF SIMPLE DIFFERENCES!!! LET US SOLVE THE ISSUE WITH PEACE MANNER!!! WESTERN COUNTRIES ARE HAPPY. AT THIS POINT, CUS WE AFRICANS FIGHTING EACH OTHER
  • RT Added Message for Ethiopian Government! “No reason to justify, telling sick Egypt/Arabs.. “We are not going to use Nile River except for DAM. No way… we have 100% right to use Nile River for any reason, as long as we can benefit from it!!!!!!!! Agricultural/ irrigation and among other necessities… not just DAM!!!!!! Hello hello.. We are sick and tired of been called one of the poorest country in the world is “Ethiopia”!!! Yet, we let ***ed up Egypt use our Nile yet we did not get and appreciation… Ethio. Gov... Think again!!!
  • RT Added Mainly Christian Ethiopia and Muslim Arab Egypt share a long history of suspicion and friction, including over the Nile. Very true... Arab... terrorist.. can not be trusted!!!!!!! we are not going just build DAM! we will have advanced agricultural/irrigation system in the world!!! shity ass terrorist!!!!!!!!!!! we will destroy you, we will contaminate Nile River!!!! Death to terrorist Egypt!!
  • RT Added UK could play an important role in the issue as the Nile water-sharing agreements were signed during the era of British occupation. UK.. UK.. why not give your resource and water to Egypt.. why did you give up our beloved Ethopian Blue Nile river to Egypt 1929!!! the answer is you do not give a shit about Ethopia and other african countries.. KKK... come on we will make sure to destroy your ass!!!
  • RT Added Ethiopia: One of the world's fastest growing economies, not just Africa! I have no question in my mind, Egypt is intimidated, for the fact that, since our beloved late brotherMelse became a leader of Ethopia, he work so hard with short period of time and able to accomplished a lot for Ethopia!Our brother Melse started DAM project for us, we have to finished the project!!!nothing stop us!!!
  • RT Added Egypt’s foreign minister, vowing not to give up “a single drop of water from the Nile”,this *** bastard, did he forget ABAY (BLUE NILE RIVER) BELONG TO ETHOPIA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!GREEDY ASS!!!!! LET US DISTROY EGYPT BY CONTAMINATING THE NILE WATER... LET THEM GO TO HELL... SINCE THEY ARE NOT RESPECTING ETHOPIAN PEOPLE!!!!!!
  • KKKK Added EZIM BET ESAT ALE !!!!!
  • Ephrem Lakew Added I believe they know that the Nile water 85% from my country, better being wise, there is no turning back, this nation is a Icon of Freedom for Africa renascence and never colonized, peace, peace, peace.. is the only option especially for Our Frd Egyptian, Do not try to mess with the African great Country, Cooperation in the mere choice, GERD will stop for a brief moment, otherwise..........
  • Long Live Ethio Added eyes of more than 80 million people on nile....n of course no one has a right to dictate Ethiopia to do this or that...its our exclusive right to develop our resources like they did to build thier dam centuries ago....infact nile will not harm a single individual....
  • RT Added "Nuru" YOU TYPED THE FOLLOWING, WHEN YOU CRITICIZED, HOW WE WRITE ENGLISH ..LOL .. Just because you can write the english letters......PLEASE CORRECT YOUR ***ED UP ENGLISH ...YOU SUPPOSE TO TYPE "just because you can write English letter " NOT" the english letters... THE OUT THE.......lol .... well how about that!! who are *** now.. *** bitch!!! just go away!!!

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