As in other traditional societies, in Ethiopia, the status of a woman has for many years been measured in terms of her role as a mother and wife.
Though they have been contributing almost an equal share to their male counterparts in the overall development process of the country, women, due to various economic and social barriers, have never been enjoying the fruits of their labour. As experience in other emerging countries have shown, an improvement in women's economic condition improves a lot in their standard of living.
For this to happen, taking in to account their situation in Ethiopia, a lot needs to be done to create more jobs mainly for rural women who are languishing within many challenges and limited opportunities. Bear in mind thousands of young women, flocking to the capital in search of jobs, and leaving their beloved nation for the same purpose, to the Arab world where violence and sexual harassment is rife. It is only when the country could be capable to create ample job opportunities accessible to all either in urban or rural sections of the country that it becomes imminent to minimize and even stop those women, who are vital inputs for their nation's growth and development, from leaving their land via harsh lines.
Without equal opportunities, women would sadly remain lagging behind their men counterparts and compelled to chose the path to leave their birthplaces, knowing torture, harassment and even death is eminent, to travel to the Arab world. More jobs everyday could save more of our women from joining those on the tragic way. Side by side to making relentless efforts to create various opportunities both in urban and rural areas, concerned bodies should also engage in creating awareness among women on those existing opportunities in their country.
Opportune moment for to grab
Vehicular Accidents (VA) have already become one of the ever increasing public health problems, particularly for developing countries.
Ethiopia is, therefore, no exception. Available data show that every year two thousand people are killed while the property damage ranges between four hundred and five hundred million birr. It gives a shocking wave to hear a one hundred thirty six fatality rate per ten thousand vehicles when compared to two and three per same number in developed countries. If we calculate only the stated damage in terms of money, it can be used to carry out various development activities. Five hundred seventy million birr is required, for instance, for the second round drinking water expansion project for the city of Dire Dawa. Not only that, the long range psychological and economic burden on a given family and the nation is also a huge damage.
Of late, Kassahun Haile-Mariam, Director General of Road Transport Authority (RTA), said his office is preparing a plan to mitigate VA, which is worsening from time to time. He made the remark during the third national conference of transportation consultants. Participants of the forum have identified causes accounting for the soaring and alarming rate of VA. To mention but a few, inefficiency of drivers, night travel, over speeding, driving under the influence of Khat and alcohol and poor vehicle technical fitness are the major causes. The forum also discussed drawbacks related to road traffic law enforcement.
It is quite obvious that the traffic system is short of radar guns to control over speeding and devices for alcohol test. In addition to that, lack of computerized networking among the different states and administrations is negatively impacting the law enforcement.
Therefore, addressing the drawbacks mentioned earlier is too fundamental in order to tackle VA. All state and city administration bodies need to work jointly to raise awareness of drivers and pedestrians on road safety issues. Similarly, the law should be enforced appropriately and the necessary enforcing equipment need to be fulfilled. By so doing, people can move and carry out their activities safely and the vehicles would be a means to foster the country's development than damaging the lives and properties of citizens.
Basis for real development
The Ministry of Education (MoE) said that ensuring quality education, replicating best practices, retaining teachers and building their capacity and issuing teachers professional license are the major areas the ministry has planned to rigorously work on in 2012/13 academic year.
The ministry says, over 25 per cent of the total population, close to 22 million are the youth, is attending primary, secondary, preparatory and higher learning education. Of the 18 million students enrolled in primary schools including non formal education, over 8.5 million are females.
With no doubt, education is a means to help people develop knowledge and put one's potentials to maximum use. It is considered as a very precious tool in life too. It cannot be measured by money, fame and other things for everyone considers it as a key to success that disregards the stature in life and financial capabilities as long as there's the desire to achieve the goals people envision in life. One can safely say that a human being is not in the proper sense till he is educated. Without education people wouldn't have their high developed skills and talents that would help them become successful both in their respective careers, family in making right decisions in life and to become aware of their environment.
True, education is one of the most important keys to open the door of success and serves as a milestone to people's way going to the top of their dreams. Education may be viewed as a process, a product or both. It is a lifelong process that includes both formal instruction and a broad range of experiences. Really, the future of our country lies in its educational system. That is why the government has attached due emphasis to education be it elementary, secondary, tertiary and formal or informal. In fact, it was also cited that the nation's primary and secondary education coverage has raised over 95 and 37 per cent respectively in 2004 E.C., with some exceptions. Even the gap, according to the ministry, primary education coverage gap among states has greatly narrowed down except some shortcomings in Afar and Somali states. The government plans to enhance practice-oriented adult education beyond writing, reading and simple arithmetic skills in 2012/13 academic year. It is really a promising move to bring about a difference with regard to the sector.
Source:Ethiopian Press Agency
Ethiopia is celebrating Cities Week for the fourth time in a week-long programme of various activities. During a briefing session organized for journalists, State Minister of Urban Development and Construction, Ato Dessalegn Ambaw, revealed that the celebration focuses on thinking about the ways and means of sustaining the ongoing urban development schemes in Ethiopia.
It is also intended to connect to the legacy of the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, whose visionary leadership had put urban development on a firm pedestal. As a result, this year's Cities Week is to uphold his memory by way of an appropriate theme, namely: "Our cities will achieve Meles' vision being a source of industrialists." In addition, the celebration popularizes the seven urban development pillars identified by the government. The development of small and micro enterprises, job creation, facilitation of urban housing, good governance, and urban sanitation are among these pillars.
Urbanization is one of the key outcomes of the modernization and transformation processes of all ancient as well as contemporary nations. It is still happening as a direct consequence of shifting emphasis made by governments in favour of industrialization at the expense of their mostly archaic, agrarian economies. This is especially more evident in the developing countries in which aggressive transformation policies and strategies are being implemented. The transition from traditional, rural economy to one dominated by manufacturing and commerce is creating in these developing countries the migration of human beings to and their concentration at particular centres of production, creating the nuclei for the gradual birth and growth of urban villages, towns and cities. All the cities and towns in Ethiopia as well as elsewhere in the world have their initial beginning in this transition process, and the more aggressive and sustained the transition gets, the more numerous, expansive and complex towns and cities become.
ADDIS ABABA — Ethiopia is winning the battle against the tsetse fly, using what officials say is safe nuclear technology.
The project to battle livestock-menacing tsetse flies started in April in a laboratory on the outskirts of the capital. The key weapon? Radiation.
Terzu Daya, the director the lab, explains how it works.
“The purpose of radiation is to make them [tsetste flies] to be sterile," said Daya. "If you avoid further generation, so that the tsetse fly can be eradicated. The main secret behind this is that, once female flies mate with the male, she will not mate again in her life. That’s the advantage."
After the sterilization, a plane spreads thousands of non-productive tsetse flies every Wednesday in various parts of Ethiopia, especially along riverbed breeding grounds. So far, more than a million laboratory flies have been released. Now sterilized flies outnumber fertile flies, eight to one.
Thomas Cherenet, the director general of the Southern Tsetse Eradication Project, says the program is safe, effective and will not affect the delicate food chain balance.
"They [the tsteste flies] are not even used in the food chain," said Cherenet. "They are not used for any animal to be fed."
A new book titled “Nile River Basin: Water, Agriculture, Governance and Livelihoods” argues that the risk of a water war is secondary, saying that the poor should have a fair and easy access to the river. The new book by the CGIAR and International Water Management Institute suggests that the river has enough water to supply dams and irrigate parched agricultural plots in all the 10 members’ state of the Nile Basin.
Ethiopia, where the lion’s share of the river flows to the downstream countries - Sudan and Egypt - has the potential to use the water for agriculture and development, Sileshi Bekele, editor of the book and senior water resource and climate specialist with UNECA told The Reporter.
Despite attempts to cooperate with the ten countries to share the river, they often disagree about how these finite resources should be shared among the inhabitants of the region who atre estimated to be about 180 million. According to Sileshi, half of the stated population of the region who rely on the river for their food and income are living below the poverty line.
The book looked into the history, the major current events and future challenges and the opportunities surrounding the Nile River. It provides insights into agriculture, water resource, governance, future plans and their implications.
The book did not include the prospects and challenges of the Grand Renaissance Dam (GRD) project since the Ethiopian plan came after the book got edited, Sileshi told The Reporter.
Regarding the possible water war in the future, Sileshi said, “I don’t think there would be a reason if the undergoing integration through development is rewarding for all riparian countries.”
Adding to what seems to be an all-out face-lift project, the sprouting cafes in Addis place the city in a world-class category.
From five-storey buildings to lofty towers that have been built in the city, the primary renters are cafeteria owners. Obviously, cafes have become an ideal spot for business deals and a range of social and political interactions. Moreover, they have become so exotic these days with their well-furnished interiors and captivating views to attract costumers. And a quick glance at one such cafe would lead one to conclude that women are an overwhelmingly dominant customers. The habit of gazing at the outside hustle and bustle seated either indoor or outdoor of Addis's cafes appears to be growing on townies.
Kaldi's, La Parisienne, and Denver are among the famous cafes in the city for their high-standard services, according to customers. They appear to be the usual hangouts for some 'modern' residents of the city and foreign visitors. It was, of course, a once-in-a life-time experience for some to see a gorgeous lady having a drink with her pretty friends back in the olden days.
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