El-Sisi to visit Ethiopia, Kuwait, Bahrain and UAE in January
In the second part of his interview with state-owned newspapers, Al-Ahram, Al-Akhbar and Gomhouria, published on Tuesday, President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi revealed that he would visit Kuwait, Bahrain, UAE and Ethiopia in January.
The Egyptian president also stated that there had been positive steps when it comes to Egyptian-Ethiopian relations.
Mission Journal: Ethiopian journalists must choose between being locked up or locked out
Compiled by Elias Meseret, Dire Tube and AP Correspondent
Written by Nicole Schilit, Journalist Assistance Associate
The Committee to Protect Journalists said there is a sharp increase in the number of Ethiopian journalists fleeing into exile, especially in the past 12 months. More than 30--twice the number of exiles CPJ documented in 2012 and 2013 combined--were forced to leave after the government began a campaign of arrests, CPJ said.
In October, Nicole Schilit of CPJ's Journalist Assistance program and Martial Tourneur of partner group Reporters Without Borders traveled to Nairobi in Kenya to meet some of those forced to flee.
“The group of reporters, photographers, and editors we met had all been forced to make a tough decision that has affected them and their families--a life in exile or prison. All of the journalists spoke to CPJ on condition of anonymity, out of concern for their safety,” Nicole said.
Since July, a large number of Ethiopian journalists have left behind their families, homes, and a steady income to seek safety. The reason for this sharp increase is a government crackdown on the independent media. In January, the state-controlled Ethiopian Press Agency and Ethiopian News Agency carried out a study to "assess the role of [seven] magazines in the nation's peace, democracy and development." The results were illustrated in two charts that claimed the magazines were promoting terrorism and damaging the economy.
The study was followed by a series of arrests and charges of journalists from a range of publications, as well as those associated with the Zone 9 blogging collective. In July six bloggers and three journalists were charged with terrorism. On June 25, 20 journalists at the state-run Oromia Radio and Television Organization were dismissed without explanation.
In August, the Ministry of Justice announced that six publications were being charged with publishing false information, inciting violence, and undermining public confidence in the government. Managers at three publications were sentenced in absentia to three-year jail terms for "inciting the public by spreading false information." And in October, Temesghen Desalegn of Feteh (Justice) magazine was sentenced to three years' imprisonment for defamation and incitement.
“With the threat of imprisonment hanging over Ethiopia's press, many journalists decided to flee. Most left without much notice. Some knew Ethiopians who had moved to Nairobi months or even years earlier, and were able to contact them before leaving their homes. Others arrived without having any basic knowledge of the city, and had to find help with everything from registering as a refugee with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to finding a place to stay,” Nicole wrote.
Intercontinental Hotel Won World Luxury Hotel Award
Intercontinental Hotel was declared one of the winners of the World Luxury Hotel Awards in Cape Town, South Africa on December 6, 2014.
The World Luxury Hotel Award is a recognized global organization providing luxury hotels with recognition for their world-class facilities and service excellence provided to guests. Intercontinental announced this at a press conference held on December 26, 2014 at Intercontinental Hotel Addis.
Egypt, Sudan Discuss Nile Water
Sudanese water minister believes Egypt’s continued freezing of Nile Basin Initiative membership will not achieve the interests of Sudan and Egypt.
Sudanese Minister of Water Resources and Electricity Mutaz Musa stressed Sunday that Sudan will continue managing its water file with Egypt under a high level of “transparency, honesty and clarity”.
According to state-run MENA, Musa said Egypt’s frozen membership of the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) “will not solve the [Nile] basin’s problems and will not achieve the interests of Sudan and Egypt, neither on the short nor on the long term”.
Musa added that it may further complicate the problem and drive other Nile Basin countries to find paths that do not involve Egypt or Sudan.
The minister made the statements during the third annual meeting of the joint Egyptian Sudanese technical committee on Nile Water, in the committee’s headquarters in Khartoum.
Musa is the current NBI chairman and has previously called on Egypt to unfreeze its activities in the initiative.
Egypt and Sudan had frozen their NBI activities in 2010 in protest of the signing of the Cooperative Framework Agreement by five Nile Basin countries. The agreement, which is also known as the Entebbe Agreement, has had Nile Basin countries split as it aims to re-divide water shares of the Nile.
Egypt has refused to sign the agreement and said it was “against the interests of Egypt and Sudan”.
Sudan however resumed its activities and returned to the initiative last year.
Downstream countries Egypt and Sudan together receive the majority of Nile Water, receiving roughly a combined percentage of 88 percent. As per agreements signed in 1929 and 1959, Egypt annually receives 55.5bn cubic metres of the estimated total 84bn cubic metres of Nile water produced each year, and Sudan receives 18.5bn cubic metres.
Founded in 1999, the NBI brings Nile Basin countries together in an effort to develop the river in a cooperative manner.
Read More at Sudan Vision
Egypt's Food Exports to Ethiopia Hit $10.4 million in 11 Months
Egypt's food exports to Ethiopia have recorded US$10.4 million during the period from January- November of 2014, a senior official from the food export council said.
According to Tameem El-Dawy - Marketing Manager at Egyptian Food Export Council, the Egyptian food export value is very low compared with other countries' to Ethiopia.
The Egyptian official further referred that Ethiopia's top food imports are cooking oil (US$400 million), sugar (US$175 million), extractions of grains (US$68 million), mill products (US$47 million), and grease and fatty substances (US$41 million).
Read More at Zawya
Migrant, woman, writer: The many hats of Efrata Kasassa
People making the journey from the Horn of Africa often come to Yemen to escape poverty, persecution, war and state violence. Efrata Kasassa, 22, came to Yemen to be a writer.
Her first book, which she hopes to self-publish, is also about an Ethiopian girl who migrates to Yemen. Hardly known as a land of opportunity, Yemen was Efrata’s destination because of its proximity to Ethiopia. It’s often a transit country for migrants seeking better employment prospects in the Gulf and elsewhere.
But for Efrata, Yemen was the destination. She knew people who had migrated to Yemen, and was confident she could receive help from the Ethiopian embassy to publish her work. In order to raise funds, she has taken a number of jobs, mostly cleaning homes and offices. She is also the barista at the cafe of a cultural foundation in Sana’a, the Basement.
Her work schedule doesn’t leave a lot of room for writing, but Efrata did not come all the way to Yemen to lose sight of her goal.
“I write everyday, in the evenings. I will sacrifice sleep before I stop writing. I usually stay up until 3 or 3:30 a.m.”
Born in Addis Ababa, Efrata traded one poor, conflict-ridden country for another.
“In Ethiopia, it was hard, but it’s my country—at the very least, I know my way around, I know how things work. In Yemen, things are hard, but I am a stranger. At least in Yemen, though things are difficult here, I can work. I can make money to publish my book,” she said.
Migrating to Yemen has given Efrata more than the opportunity to earn a little money. The journey of migration, building a life in a country that isn’t hers, leaving university to clean houses, and all the interactions with people along the way have naturally become part of her story and are recurring themes in her writing.
“When one immigrates, everything gets turned upside down,” she said. “I see everything differently now. Everything is new. I’ve seen so much here, I write a lot more now.”
One of the issues Efrata faces in Yemen is rampant racism and classism. “They don’t see us as people. There are nice, respectful Yemenis, but others see you only as cleaner, and think that’s all you are and all you’re ever going to be.”
Efrata left Ethiopia one and a half years ago—making her a relatively new addition to the Ethiopian diaspora. Lacking in her writing is the sort of nostalgia familiar to those works produced by those who have more permanently put down roots outside their countries of origin.
Read More at Yemen Times
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